How does the Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) affect me?

The Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) allows us to raise funds from developers and individuals who are undertaking building projects to support growth in the North Kesteven area.

Section 106 agreements and planning conditions continue to be used but in a much reduced and restricted form.

What development is liable for CIL?

In general terms the following types of developments are liable for CIL:

  • All development of 100 sqm or more of new build, or extensions to existing buildings
  • All development regardless of size that results in the creation of a new dwelling
  • Agricultural buildings and storage warehouses that people enter into
  • The conversion of a building that is no longer in lawful use (see below)

The definition of lawful use is contained in Regulation 40(11) of the Community Infrastructure Levy (Amendment) Regulations 2014. For the use to be lawful for the purposes of CIL it must “contain a part that has been in lawful use for a continuous period of at least six months within the period of three years ending on the day planning permission first permits the chargeable development”.

Before you start your development you must send us

Outline planning permissions granted on or after 22 January 2018 will be liable to pay CIL prior to commence of development. However, as the liability is calculated at Reserved Matters stage there is no need to submit any CIL forms with the outline application.

  1. CIL Form - Planning Application Additional Information Request. The details in this form will enable us to establish whether or not your development  is liable for a charge, and if so to calculate it accurately from the floor space areas you provide.
  2. CIL form - Assumption of Liability. This form confirms who is responsible for paying the CIL charge relating to the development. If it is not returned then the charge will default to the registered landowner and additional costs may be applied.
  3. CIL form - Commencement Notice. This form lets us know when your development is going to commence and will form the basis of the date that your CIL payment is due. This form must be returned no later than one day before development commences. If it is not returned a penalty will be added and full payment will be due immediately.
  4. CIL form - Claiming Exemption or Relief . If you are claiming relief from payment then you must also return this form prior to the commencement of the development.See our guidance notes for Self Build Relief, Residential Annex, Social Housing Relief, Charitable Development Relief, penalties and surcharges and appeal procedures.

All Community Infrastructure Levy Forms


CIL Process FAQs

I will be submitting a planning application. How can I find out more about CIL and what I need to do for my planning application submission? What is the relationship between CIL and planning obligations (commonly known as s106 agreements)?

The process relating to CIL is strictly prescribed by the CIL regulations, with penalties if the process is not correctly followed. Applicants are strongly advised to read the rest of these FAQs and also the other guidance published on this website, information may also be found on the Planning Portal.  If further clarification required please contact the District Council direct.

Planning obligations (funding agreements between the local planning authority and the developer) will continue to play an important role in helping to make individual developments acceptable. However, reforms have been introduced to restrict the use of planning obligations.

The CIL levy is intended to provide infrastructure to support the development of an area rather than to make individual planning applications acceptable in planning terms. As a result, there may still be some site specific impact mitigation requirements without which a development should not be granted planning permission (e.g. affordable housing, local highway and junction improvements, primary schools, health and landscaping). Therefore, there is still a legitimate and necessary role for development planning obligations to enable a local planning authority to be confident that the specific consequences of development can be mitigated. However items that are identified as being funded by CIL (those items detailed on the Reg. 123 list) cannot then also be required as part of a s106 agreement.

Development will be liable for CIL if it:

  • Involves new build of at least 100m2 gross internal area (GIA) floor-space; or
  • Involves the creation of one or more dwellings

This includes development permitted by a ‘general consent’ (including permitted development).

Development will not be liable for CIL if it:

  • Involves only change of use, conversion or subdivision of, or creation of mezzanine floors within a building which has been in lawful use for at least six months in the 3 years prior to the development being permitted and does not create any new build floor-space; or
  • Is for a building into which people do not normally go, or go only intermittently for the purpose of inspecting or maintaining fixed plant or machinery; or
  • Is for a structure which is not a building, such as pylons or wind turbines; or
  • Is permitted by a ‘general consent’ (including permitted development) commenced before 6 April 2013; or
  • Is for a use which benefits from a zero or nil charge (£0/m2) as set out in a CIL Charging Schedule

The responsibility to pay the levy rests with the ownership of land on which the liable development will be situated. Although liability rests with the landowner, the regulations recognise that others involved in a development may wish to pay. To allow this, anyone can come forward and assume liability for the development.

The charge is levied in £ / m² on the net additional increase in floor-space measured as Gross Internal Area (GIA). It will normally be collected as a monetary payment, although there is also provision for it to be paid by transfer of land to the local authority if certain criteria are met.  An 'In Kind Policy' will be available on the website.

The charge levied in £ / m2 on the net additional increase in floor-space measure as GIA for the CIL is exempt from VAT.   

In calculating individual charges for the levy, charging authorities will be required to apply an annually updated index of inflation using BICS All Tender Index, using the rate applicable on 1st November (Quarter 4) of the preceding year, this ensure the levy is responsive to market conditions.   

The levy’s charges become due from the date of commencement of a chargeable development. When planning permission is granted, the council will issue a liability notice setting out the amount of the levy and the payment procedure.

Unlike contributions collected through S106 agreements the triggers for payment are not negotiated and there is no time constraint for the spending of monies collected through CIL.

The levy’s charges are intended to be easily understood and easy to comply with. Most of those liable to pay the levy are expected to pay their liabilities without problem or delay. However, where there are problems in collecting the levy charging authorities will have the means to penalise late payment, through surcharges. In cases of persistent noncompliance the regulations also enable collecting authorities to consider more direct action such as the issuing of a CIL Stop Notice or applying to the courts for seizure of assets to pay the outstanding monies or for custodial sentences.  

In accordance with the Regulations the following development may receive relief from CIL:
  • Charitable development
  • Social housing development
  • Self-build development
  • Self-build residential annex or extension

Guidance notes will be available on the website to explain the process for claiming relief.

Outline planning permissions granted after the date the CIL Charging Schedule comes into effect, will be liable to pay CIL when the development is built, but as the liability is calculated at Reserved Matters stage there is no need to submit any CIL forms with the outline application. If an outline application includes phasing of development, each phase is treated as a separate development for the purpose of paying CIL. As above, the CIL liability for each phase is calculated at reserved matters stage for that phase.

Outline planning permissions granted on or  after 22 January 2018 will be liable to pay CIL prior to commence of development. However, as the liability is calculated at Reserved Matters stage there is no need to submit any CIL forms with the outline application.

Potentially. If a building has not been in lawful use for a period of at least 6 months in the 3 years running up to the day planning permission is granted for conversion of the building into residential use (or holiday let), the development will be liable for CIL. A proposal for the conversions of an unused, redundant barn to a dwelling could therefore be liable for CIL. A change of use from a building not in lawful use to a supermarket or a retail warehouse could also be liable for CIL, but only if there is additional new build of over 100sqm.

Yes, providing they are permanent buildings. Second homes are still dwellings that come under use class C3 and their use is not normally restricted through planning conditions. Therefore, the development of second homes will pay the relevant residential rate.   

No. CIL can only be charged on buildings. Planning law dictates that mobile homes are not normally buildings therefore no CIL will be charged on them.

No, the regulations make clear that the sub-division of a single dwelling into two or more separate dwellings is not liable for CIL.

You would have to pay CIL on the whole 110sqm. The 100sqm exemption does not work as a discount. Therefore, as soon as the threshold is breached the whole extension becomes chargeable.

Yes. If the formal grant of permission was made after the CIL Charging Schedule comes into effect, it would be liable to pay CIL. This is because any resolution to grant planning permission by the Committee does not formally grant planning permission as a decision notice cannot be issued until, for example, a S106 agreement has been signed, where required. In the situation where the Committee has made a resolution to grant planning permission subject to a section 106 that provided infrastructure, it is likely the application will have to go back to Committee as the section 106 may no longer be justified following the introduction of CIL.

Yes. If full planning permission is granted before publication of a CIL Charging Schedule, but an approval of a S73 application to vary or remove conditions is made after publication of the CIL Charging Schedule, the approval does trigger a liability to pay CIL because it results in a new planning permission. However, although a new CIL liability is triggered, the new additional chargeable amount is equal only to the net increase in the chargeable amount arising from the original planning permission, so as to avoid double counting of liability. In effect, if the application to vary a condition does not result in an increase in floor-space then there will be no charge.   

No. Provided the extension of time application meets the requirements of Article 18 of the Development Management Procedure Order (e.g. the original permission to be extended was originally granted prior to October 2010). An application to extend a permission that dates after October 2010 would essentially be a new permission and therefore liable for CIL.

Yes. Social housing is residential development so it is liable to pay CIL. However, it is eligible for 100% relief from CIL, providing the social housing remains as social housing for a period of seven years from commencement. As such there is potential a CIL charge may be required if the social housing ceases to be social housing within seven years. Therefore, the whole CIL collection procedure will need to be followed. As no charge will be liable in the first instance, no demand notice will be sent out by the Council. If the development becomes liable within the 7 years a revised liability notice and demand notice will then be sent.

No. Only planning applications granted permission on or after the implementation of CIL on 22 January 2018 will be liable to pay CIL. A reserved matter application relating to an outline planning permission that was granted prior to the CIL Charging Schedule coming into effect will also not be liable.   

Under the requirements of the Community Infrastructure Levy Regulations 2010 (as amended) 15% of the CIL collected as a result of development in a given parish area will be passed to the relevant Town/Parish Council. Payments will be capped to £100 per council tax dwelling per year, for example a Town/Parish with 50 dwellings cannot receive more than £5,000 in CIL receipts per year.  In areas with no Parish Council, North Kesteven District Council, as the local charging authority, will determine how to distribute the funding but must use the 15% to support the development of the relevant area.

Areas with an adopted Neighbourhood Plan will receive 25% of the CIL receipts, with no cap on the amount of monies they may receive each year.  The monies may be used to support the development of the local area by funding; provision, improvement, replacement, operation or maintenance of infrastructure or anything else that is concerned with addressing the demands that development places on an area.

The District Council is required to make payments to Town/Parish Councils twice a year.  Therefore it is anticipated that payments in respect of CIL received between 1 April to 30 September will be paid to the specific Parish Council by the end of October of that financial year and pay CIL monies received from 1 October to 31 March by the end of April.